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RAP Infrastructure Safety Management Tools

iRAP and its partners have developed a suite of tools that use the iRAP methodology to support infrastructure safety management globally and locally.

Tools developed with partners that use the iRAP methodology are known as RAP apps or Made Safer by iRAP apps. The iRAP methodology and related tools are overseen by the Global Technical Committee (GTC) and managed within the Innovation Framework.

​The tools support achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDG), the Global Plan for Decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030 and Global Road Safety Performance Targets 3 and 4.

The tools can be used at all stages of a road’s lifecycle:

– Planning: includes strategy, policy and project concepts.
 Early design: includes feasibility and concept designs.
– Detailed design: includes final designs.
– Build (during construction): when traffic uses a road under construction.
– Open to traffic: after construction is complete.
– Maintaining and operating: normal operation of the road.


Tool/ProtocolDescriptionUN target/road lifecycleAccessType
Crash data
Crash data
Crash dataCrash Risk MappingUses detailed crash data to produce maps showing the risk arising from the interaction of road users, vehicles and the road environment.Road Lifecycle 3
Crash dataDRIVERAn open-source crash data system developed by the World Bank that can link with Risk Mapping and Star Ratings.Road Lifecycle 2
Infrastructure ratings
Infrastructure ratings
Infrastructure ratingsStar RatingsAn objective measure of the level of safety ‘built-in’ to the road for vehicle occupants, motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians. Road Lifecycle 2
Infrastructure ratingsStar Rating for SchoolsAn evidence-based tool for measuring, managing and communicating the risk children are exposed to as pedestrians.Road Lifecycle 1
BicyclistInfrastructure ratingsCycleRAPAn evidence-based risk assessment model specifically for bicycling and light mobility.Road Lifecycle 1
Trauma estimation
Trauma estimation
Trauma estimation

Fatal and Serious Injury (FSI) Estimates

Provides estimates of FSIs along each segment of an existing road or design and supports the prioritisation of investment.Road Lifecycle 1
Trauma estimation

Australian National Risk Assessment Model (ANRAM)

Uses iRAP Star Ratings and crash data to provide enhanced fatality and serious injury estimates for Australian roads. Road Lifecycle 2
Investment planning
Investment planning
Investment planningSafer Roads Investment PlansDraws on data underpinning Star Ratings and FSI Estimates to determine the most cost-effective road safety upgrades. Road Lifecycle 1
UrbanInvestment planningUrban CountermeasuresKnowledge from across the globe has been brought together in a three-year project managed by the Road Safety Foundation and supported by a grant from the Road Safety Trust. Findings have been incorporated into the iRAP tools as an extra set of countermeasures – Urban Investment Plans.Road Lifecycle 1
Investment planningRoute Review ToolThe Route Review Tool (RRT) is a web tool for road safety engineers. The RRT makes it easy to work with iRAP results and turn ideas into real road safety changes.Road Lifecycle 1
DesignStar Rating for Designs (SR4D)A package of tools, knowledge products, support and other initiatives so that roads are built safe, right from the start. Road Lifecycle 5
DesignStar Rating for Road Safety Audits (SR4RSA) manual
This new manual will help policy makers and practitioners involved in designing, upgrading, and rehabilitating roads to meet safety targets and reduce injuries from traffic crashes.Road Lifecycle 5
Network scanning
Network scanning
Network scanningEuroRAP RPS 1.0Based on homogeneous sections and a limited set of road attributes that provide protection to car occupants. Road Lifecycle 2
Network scanningThaiRAP Lite Star RatingsDeveloped and used in Thailand with a subset of the Star Rating methodology and linked to a road asset database.Road Lifecycle 2
Network scanningAustroads StereotypesIllustrate Star Ratings for a range of typical cross-section and operating speed scenarios on the Australian road network. Road Lifecycle 4
Network scanningLG Stars ToolThe tool, which reflects common local road types in Western Australia, is an easy-to-use, and cost-effective method to assess the safety of the roads under Local Government management.Road Lifecycle 2
Network scanningViaSeguraIn partnership with iRAP, the IDB has developed a digital initiative to assess road infrastructure safetyRoad Lifecycle 2
Performance tracking
Performance tracking
Performance trackingPerformance TrackingUses Star Rating and Crash Risk Mapping to measure changes in road safety performance over time. Road Lifecycle 3
Performance trackingStar Rating CertificationProvides a certificate verifying the achievement of a 3-star or better safety rating on a road, network or design for all road users to support the celebration of success.Road Lifecycle 7
Performance trackingSafe Schools TrackerA Star Ratings for Schools (SR4S) interactive tool that shares insights about how safety is being improved around schools worldwide.Lifecycle example 8
Policy and management
Policy and management
Policy and management

iRAP Safety Insights Explorer (previously Vaccines for roads)

Includes business cases for investment, examples of how crashes affect real people and statistics on the world’s roads. Road Lifecycle 4
Policy and management

Road Safety Toolkit

The Road Safety Toolkit provides free information on the causes and prevention of serious road crashes.Road Lifecycle 1
Policy and management

Youth Engagement App (YEA)

An innovative tool that allows young people to easily identify and report road safety conditions around their schools. YEA helps young people actively participate in improving road safety, giving them a voice in shaping their communities.Road Lifecycle 1
Policy and management

Key Performance Indicators

Global Infrastructure KPIs provide the policy road map and recommended metrics for measuring road safety success.Road Lifecycle 4
Policy and management

Road Safety Country Profiles

This GRSF guide gives an assessment on the magnitude and complexity of road safety challenges faced by low-and middle-income countries (LMICs).Road Lifecycle 4
Enabling software
Enabling software
Enabling softwareViDAiRAP’s free-to-air online platform is the data processing engine for Star Ratings, FSI Estimates and Investment Plans, hosting data and analysing results, and the portal for iRAP’s enhanced tools including SR4D and the Star Rating Demonstrator. Road Lifecycle 1
Enabling softwareStar Rating DemonstratorThe Star Rating Demonstrator is a tool which can be used for small assessments of existing roads or road designs and provides a simple way to understand the iRAP models.Road Lifecycle 1
BicyclistEnabling softwareCycleRAP Demonstrator ToolThe CycleRAP demonstrator tool is available to help understand how the CycleRAP model works. Road Lifecycle 1
Enabling softwareSR4D Web AppThe SR4D Web App is a tool, supported by the World Bank, to assist with Star Rating designs and can be used for small to medium assessments of existing roads or road designs.Road Lifecycle 5
Enabling softwareNetRisk2 iRAP Centre of Excellence ARRB has launched this tool that brings together iRAP Star Ratings and the Australian National Risk Assessment Model (ANRAM) using AusRAP data as an additional infrastructure risk assessment option.Road Lifecycle 2
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